Mistletoe (Viscum album)


Mistletoe - A Mystical Plant with a Long History of Healing Properties.

Mistletoe, also known as the "tree from heaven" or the "plant of love," is a mysterious plant with a centuries-old history of use in natural medicine and mythology. Renowned for its healing properties, mistletoe has become a popular herb in many cultures around the world. This semi-parasitic plant, which derives nutrients from trees, has gained respect for its immune-boosting and infection-fighting abilities. Mistletoe contains a wealth of biologically active substances, including flavonoids, polyphenols, and lignans, which contribute to its beneficial effects on the body. According to ancient beliefs, mistletoe was a symbol of fertility, love, and happiness. It was celebrated during the winter solstice, considered a gift from the gods. Even today, many cultures continue the tradition of hanging mistletoe above doorways as a protective talisman. In medicine, mistletoe is used as a remedy for various ailments, helping the body cope with stress and tension, restoring mental and physical balance, supporting the fight against infections, and antioxidants protect against harmful free radicals.

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Mistletoe (Viscum album) names  Other names for mistletoe include:

  • Common mistletoe
  • Viscum album (Latin name)
  • Mistletoe (in English)
  • Mistel (in German)
  • Gui (in French)
  • Muérdago (in Spanish)
  • Vischio (in Italian)
  • Misteltein (in Danish)
  • Misteln (in Swedish)
  • Mistelteinn (in Icelandic)
  • Zimolez biały (in Russian)
  • Kalyna (in Ukrainian)

Mistletoe (Viscum album) properties  1. What are the medicinal properties of mistletoe ?

Mistletoe, also known as the "semi-parasitic medicinal plant," has many medicinal properties that have been used for many years in traditional medicine. Here are some of them:

  • Anticancer properties: Mistletoe contains various compounds such as alkaloids, lignans, and polysaccharides, which exhibit anticancer effects. These compounds help fight cancer cells and inhibit their growth.
  • Immunomodulatory properties: Mistletoe contains compounds such as lectins and polysaccharides, which have immunomodulatory properties. These compounds help strengthen the immune system, which may aid in fighting infections and autoimmune diseases.
  • Antiviral properties: Mistletoe can be used in the treatment of viral infections such as herpes and human papillomavirus (HPV). Compounds present in mistletoe, such as caffeic acid and lignans, exhibit antiviral properties and inhibit virus replication.
  • Analgesic properties: Mistletoe can be used to alleviate pain, especially migraine pain. Mistletoe acts on adrenergic receptors and exhibits analgesic effects.
  • Antispasmodic properties: Mistletoe is used to relieve muscle spasms, especially intestinal spasms. Mistletoe acts on the nervous system and exhibits antispasmodic effects.
  • Anti-inflammatory properties: Mistletoe is used in the treatment of inflammatory conditions such as arthritis. Compounds present in mistletoe, such as caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid, exhibit anti-inflammatory properties and inhibit inflammatory processes.
  • Antifungal properties: Mistletoe is used in the treatment of fungal skin infections, such as nail fungus. Compounds present in mistletoe, such as lignans and alkaloids, exhibit antifungal properties and inhibit fungal growth.
  • Sedative properties: Mistletoe is used to alleviate symptoms of stress and anxiety. Mistletoe acts on the nervous system and exhibits sedative effects.

Mistletoe (Viscum album) health  2. Is mistletoe safe for health ?

Mistletoe is a plant with many health benefits, but like any herb, it can be dangerous in the wrong dose or in certain medical conditions. Therefore, before starting mistletoe treatment, it is always advisable to consult a doctor or herbal specialist. Mistletoe is generally considered safe for healthy adults when used in doses recommended by specialists. However, pregnant women, individuals with heart disease, kidney disease, or liver disease should avoid using mistletoe without consulting a doctor. Some sources suggest that mistletoe may affect blood pressure and cause heart arrhythmias, so individuals with heart problems should be particularly cautious when using mistletoe. Depending on the dosage and method of use, mistletoe can also cause side effects such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, abdominal pain, headaches, allergic reactions, and others. Therefore, before starting mistletoe treatment, it is essential to carefully analyze any health conditions and issues that the individual using this plant may have and consult a doctor or herbal specialist to assess the potential benefits and risks associated with its use.

Mistletoe (Viscum album) ways  3. What are the ways to use mistletoe ?

Mistletoe has many medicinal applications and is used in various forms. The most common way to use mistletoe is as an infusion made from dried leaves and stems. To prepare it, take 2-3 teaspoons of dried mistletoe, pour boiling water over it, and let it steep for 10-15 minutes. This infusion is consumed three times a day, before meals. Another way to use mistletoe is in the form of an extract or oil. Mistletoe extract is often used in the treatment of heart disease and to alleviate menopausal symptoms. Mistletoe oil is frequently used to relieve pain and skin inflammation, as well as to combat respiratory diseases. Mistletoe can also be used externally by preparing an infusion and using it as a compress on affected areas or in baths. In natural medicine, mistletoe is also used as an ingredient in creams, ointments, and other cosmetic products. Before using mistletoe, it is recommended to consult with a doctor or pharmacist, especially during pregnancy, breastfeeding, or when using other medications.

Mistletoe (Viscum album) cancer  4. Can mistletoe be used in the treatment of cancer ?

European mistletoe, also known as common mistletoe, is a plant whose use in the treatment of cancer is intensively studied. It contains various chemical compounds, including alkaloids, which exhibit anti-cancer activity. Laboratory studies conducted on cancer cells suggest that mistletoe may have inhibitory effects on the growth of certain types of cancers, including breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and pancreatic cancer. However, further clinical research is needed to determine the effectiveness and safety of mistletoe in treating cancer in humans. In some countries, such as Germany and Switzerland, mistletoe is used as a dietary supplement in cancer treatment, especially in combination with conventional treatment methods. In Poland, mistletoe is not recognized as a medicine, and its use in cancer treatment is not recommended. It is essential to note that mistletoe may have side effects and interactions with medications. Therefore, before using mistletoe for cancer treatment, it is important to consult with a doctor.

Mistletoe (Viscum album) side effect  5. What are the side effects of using mistletoe ?

Mistletoe is a plant with many medicinal properties, but like most herbal remedies, it may cause side effects. In some cases, the use of mistletoe may lead to adverse effects, such as:

  • Gastrointestinal problems: Some individuals may experience abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation after consuming mistletoe.
  • Dizziness: Mistletoe may cause dizziness in some people.
  • Blood pressure: Individuals with hypertension should use mistletoe cautiously, as it may lower blood pressure.
  • Allergic reactions: Some individuals may experience an allergic reaction to mistletoe, which may manifest as itching, hives, or difficulty breathing.
  • Liver damage: In very rare cases, mistletoe may cause liver damage.

It is important to consult with a doctor before using mistletoe, especially for individuals with gastrointestinal disorders, hypertension, liver or kidney diseases, allergies, and autoimmune diseases. Individuals taking medications on a regular basis should also consult with a doctor, as mistletoe may interact with certain drugs.

Mistletoe (Viscum album) hearth  6. Can mistletoe be used in the treatment of heart diseases ?

Mistletoe is a plant that has been attributed with medicinal properties for centuries. There is scientific research suggesting that mistletoe may have a beneficial impact on heart health. Mistletoe contains compounds such as lignans and flavonoids, which exhibit anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Studies have shown that these compounds may help lower cholesterol levels in the blood and reduce the risk of heart diseases. Additionally, mistletoe contains compounds that may aid in blood pressure regulation, which can have a positive effect on heart health. These compounds have vasodilatory effects, which may improve circulation. Although mistletoe may show promise for heart health, it is essential to consult with a doctor before starting any therapy involving this plant. The effects of mistletoe may interact with other medications, so it should not be used without medical consultation.
In summary, mistletoe may potentially be beneficial for heart health, but always consult with a doctor before starting any therapy involving its use.

Mistletoe (Viscum album) properties  7. Does mistletoe have antiviral properties ?

Mistletoe is a plant with known medicinal properties for centuries. One of the recent discoveries relates to its antiviral properties. It appears that the substances found in mistletoe may have a positive impact on the body infected with viruses. Studies have shown that mistletoe contains substances called lignans, which possess antiviral properties. In vitro studies have demonstrated that these lignans inhibit the replication of viruses, including the influenza virus and herpes virus. This discovery could be significant in the field of medicine, especially in the fight against viruses that are challenging to treat with conventional methods. However, it is important to note that research on mistletoe's antiviral properties is still in the experimental phase, and its effectiveness in treating viral diseases in humans has not been fully confirmed yet. Therefore, before using mistletoe to combat viral diseases, it is essential to consult with a doctor and conduct appropriate research.

Mistletoe (Viscum album) treatment  8. Can mistletoe be used in the treatment of autoimmune diseases ?

Mistletoe has a long history of use in traditional medicine for treating various diseases, including autoimmune diseases. Although research on this topic is limited, some laboratory studies suggest that mistletoe may have a beneficial impact on the immune system. Some studies have shown that mistletoe can inhibit the activity of T lymphocytes, which are key immune cells involved in autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus or multiple sclerosis. However, most of these studies were conducted on animals, and data from clinical trials in humans are limited. Due to the lack of sufficient clinical studies, mistletoe should not be considered as the primary treatment for autoimmune diseases. Individuals with such conditions should consult a doctor before starting any treatment involving mistletoe preparations. In any case, before using mistletoe as a dietary supplement, it is essential to consult a doctor or pharmacist, especially if the person has any chronic diseases, takes prescription medications, or is pregnant or breastfeeding.

Mistletoe (Viscum album) immunity  9. Can mistletoe be used to improve the body's immunity ? 

Mistletoe is a plant with broad medicinal properties, including its ability to stimulate the body's immune system. These properties stem from the presence of various chemical compounds in mistletoe, including polyphenols, flavonoids, and lignans. Studies show that mistletoe can support the immune system by increasing the number and activity of lymphocytes, which are crucial for the functioning of the immune system. In this way, mistletoe can help combat infectious diseases such as the flu or the common cold. However, to improve immunity, mistletoe should be used in moderation and always after consulting with a doctor. The recommended dosage and duration of use should not be exceeded, as excessive consumption of mistletoe may lead to side effects such as diarrhea or nausea. It is also essential to remember that mistletoe can interact with some medications, so it is important to consult a doctor before starting supplementation.

Mistletoe (Viscum album) why no take  10. What are the contraindications for using mistletoe ?

Mistletoe is a plant that can bring many health benefits, but like any medication or herb, it has contraindications for use. First and foremost, mistletoe should not be used by individuals allergic to this plant, as it can lead to serious allergic reactions. People with heart disease, diabetes, kidney diseases, hypertension, and other serious conditions should consult a doctor before using mistletoe, as it may have a negative impact on their health. Additionally, mistletoe is contraindicated for pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers, as it can affect hormone levels and lead to abnormal fetal development or impact the quality of breast milk. Other contraindications for using mistletoe include autoimmune diseases, gastrointestinal disorders, thyroid diseases, mental illnesses, and the use of certain medications, such as anticoagulants, antihypertensive drugs, and some psychotropic medications. It is essential to consult a doctor before starting mistletoe use, especially if the person has any medical conditions or takes any medications. Regardless of whether the person is using mistletoe as an herb, extract, or supplement, caution should be exercised, and it is crucial to follow the recommendations of a doctor or pharmacist.

Mistletoe (Viscum album) research  SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH has been conducted, among others, by:

  • Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences in Krakow, Poland
  • Medical University of Lublin, Poland
  • Medical University of Lodz, Poland
  • Medical University of Vienna, Austria
  • Medical University of Gdansk, Poland
  • Medical University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria
  • Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
  • Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
  • Medical University of Rzeszow, Poland
  • University of Trier, Germany.

Mistletoe (Viscum album) storage  STORAGE

Mistletoe, like many other herbs, requires proper storage to preserve its medicinal properties for as long as possible. To ensure the long-lasting quality of mistletoe, several basic storage principles should be followed. First and foremost, mistletoe should be stored in a dry and cool place, preferably in a closed container or paper/mesh bag. Humid and warm air can lead to mold growth and spoil the herb, as well as cause a loss of its medicinal properties. It is also essential to keep mistletoe away from sources of light and heat, such as stoves or radiators. Additionally, mistletoe should be stored separately from other herbs and food products, as it may undergo chemical reactions with other ingredients and lose its medicinal properties. If you have mistletoe in the form of a tincture, it should be stored in a dark place at room temperature or in the refrigerator. The tincture should be kept in a dark glass bottle to protect it from light.
If you want to store fresh mistletoe, you need to dry it thoroughly first. This can be done by spreading mistletoe in a thin layer on paper or using a specialized herb dryer. Once dried, mistletoe can be stored in a jar or container. It is also important to regularly check the expiration date of mistletoe and its appearance to ensure it is still suitable for use. If there are any signs of spoilage, such as an unpleasant smell or mold, the mistletoe should be discarded immediately. Following these simple storage guidelines will help maintain mistletoe in its best condition and ensure its long shelf life.

Mistletoe (Viscum album) sources  SCIENTIFIC SOURCES

  • European Mistletoe (Viscum album L.) – A Multi-Component System Applying in Cancer Therapy and Prevention" by Stefanie Buchwald-Werner et al., published in the journal Frontiers in Oncology in 2019.
  • "European Mistletoe Extracts in Cancer Therapy" by Ursula Werthmann et al., published in the journal Oncology in 2002.
  • "Anticancer Potential of Aqueous Viscum album L. Preparations" by Irmgard Merfort et al., published in the journal Oncology in 2005.
  • "Viscum album L. extracts in breast and gynaecological cancers: a systematic review of clinical and preclinical research" by Jennifer A. Hunter et al., published in the journal BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine in 2018.
  • "The Use of Viscum album Extracts in the Treatment of Respiratory Tract Diseases" by Heinz Schilcher et al., published in the journal Planta Medica in 2015.
  • "A review of clinical studies of the use of mistletoe in oncology" by Georg Seifert et al., published in the journal European Journal of Medical Research in 2008.
  • "The therapeutic potential of mistletoe in dermatology" by Markus F. Rieger et al., published in the journal Journal of the German Society of Dermatology in 2018.
  • "The effect of mistletoe (Viscum album) extract on the immune system: a systematic review" by Tobias Esch et al., published in the journal BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine in 2018.

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