Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.)


Chamomile - Gentle Floral Smile of Nature

Chamomile, beautiful and delicate like sun rays, is one of the most renowned herbs with a rich history and numerous benefits. Its subtle beauty and aroma capture attention while harboring mysterious properties. Chamomile, also known as Matricaria chamomilla, is an extraordinary plant belonging to the aster family. Its bright yellow flowers, resembling sunbeams, have long been valued for their soothing and calming properties. This exceptional plant has found its application in many aspects of life. In natural medicine, it is used to alleviate digestive discomfort, support the immune system, and calm the nervous system. In cosmetology, chamomile is cherished for its moisturizing and soothing effects, helping maintain a healthy appearance of the skin. Chamomile is not just an ordinary herb; it is a true gift of nature that offers gentle solace and harmony for the body and soul. Its delicacy and natural properties make it one of the most commonly chosen ingredients in skincare and relaxation products. 

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Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) other names  Other names for chamomile include:

  • German chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla)
  • Hungarian chamomile (Matricaria recutita)
  • Roman chamomile (Anthemis nobilis)
  • English chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile)
  • Corn chamomile (Tripleurospermum maritimum)
  • Field chamomile (Anthemis arvensis)
  • Oxeye chamomile (Leucanthemum vulgare)
  • Wild chamomile (Tripleurospermum inodorum)
  • Stone chamomile (Anthemis petraea)
  • False chamomile (Chamaemelum mixtum)
  • Indian chamomile (Tagetes erecta)
  • American chamomile (Chrysanthemum parthenium)
  • Canadian chamomile (Tanacetum balsamita)
  • Italian chamomile (Chamaemelum suaveolens)
  • Egyptian chamomile (Matricaria aurea)

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) properties  1. What are the medicinal properties of chamomile ?

Chamomile is one of the most popular herbal plants that has been used for medicinal purposes for centuries. The medicinal properties of chamomile have been extensively researched and scientifically proven. Chamomile has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antifungal properties, making it useful in the treatment of various conditions. It is also an effective calming agent, helping to combat insomnia, nervousness, and stress. One of the key medicinal properties of chamomile is its anti-inflammatory action. The active ingredients present in the plant help reduce inflammation and pain in various parts of the body, including the oral cavity, throat, and gastrointestinal tract. Chamomile also exhibits antibacterial and antifungal effects, making it beneficial for fighting bacterial and fungal infections such as urinary tract infections and skin infections. It is a soothing agent for the nervous system, reducing muscle tension and alleviating symptoms associated with overwork.

Other medicinal properties of chamomile include:

  • Pain-relieving properties that help alleviate menstrual pain and pain associated with rheumatic conditions.
  • Antioxidant properties that counteract the harmful effects of free radicals.
  • Antiviral activity that can help combat viral infections such as the flu and common cold.
  • Antispasmodic effects that help alleviate abdominal pain and indigestion.
  • Soothing properties for allergy symptoms such as itching and skin redness.

All these properties make chamomile a valuable resource for the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. It is used in the production of many medicines, skincare products, and natural cosmetics.

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) just form  2. In what forms can chamomile be used - tea, capsules, essential oil ?

Chamomile is an herb that can be used in various forms depending on individual needs. The most common form is chamomile tea. To prepare it, dried chamomile flowers are steeped in boiling water for about 5-10 minutes. Honey or lemon can be added to enhance the taste and further boost the antioxidant effects. Another popular form of using chamomile is essential oil. This oil is rich in chemical compounds that have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. It can be used for massage, inhalation, added to baths, and applied topically for skincare. However, it is important to remember that chamomile essential oil should be used with caution and always diluted in an appropriate carrier oil. Capsules containing chamomile extract are another form of using this herb. These capsules contain concentrated chamomile flower extract, allowing for faster and easier absorption of active ingredients. They can be used to alleviate symptoms such as abdominal pain or digestive disorders.

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) benefits  3. What are the health benefits of drinking chamomile tea ?

Chamomile tea is a popular beverage that not only offers a delightful taste but also provides numerous health benefits. The medicinal properties of chamomile have been known for thousands of years, and drinking chamomile tea can contribute to improved physical and mental well-being. Chamomile tea has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, making it an effective remedy against infections, inflammatory conditions, and bacterial diseases. It can also help alleviate pain and reduce swelling. Additionally, chamomile tea has a calming and relaxing effect, which can aid in combating insomnia and improving sleep quality. Chamomile tea can also help alleviate digestive symptoms such as abdominal pain, indigestion, bloating, and heartburn. It promotes better digestion by stimulating bile and digestive enzymes production. Drinking chamomile tea may also help alleviate menstrual symptoms like abdominal pain and premenstrual tension. Furthermore, research suggests that it may help lower blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Chamomile tea is readily available and easy to prepare. It can be enjoyed both hot and cold, making it an ideal alternative for individuals who want to avoid caffeine-containing beverages like coffee or tea. However, before incorporating chamomile tea into your regular consumption, it is advisable to consult a doctor, especially if you have health issues or take medications.

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) liver  4.  Is chamomile effective in treating gastrointestinal issues ?

Chamomile has been known for its medicinal properties for centuries and plays an important role in treating gastrointestinal issues. It contains substances with anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, and antispasmodic effects, making it effective in alleviating various digestive disorders. Chamomile tea is particularly effective in relieving abdominal pain, bloating, and indigestion. The chemical compounds present in it help increase the secretion of digestive juices and calm intestinal muscles, contributing to symptom relief. Chamomile may also help alleviate gastrointestinal diseases such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Clinical studies have found that the use of chamomile in the form of capsules or infusions can reduce intestinal inflammation and improve the overall health of patients with these conditions. Furthermore, chamomile is also used in the treatment of stomach and duodenal ulcers. Its chemical compounds, such as flavonoids and sesquiterpenes, help increase the production of mucus in the gastrointestinal tract, reducing irritation and preventing the formation of ulcers.

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) benefits  5. What are the benefits of using chamomile essential oil on the skin ?

Chamomile essential oil is one of the most popular natural skincare remedies. It has many benefits and properties that help maintain healthy and beautiful-looking skin. One of the benefits of using chamomile essential oil on the skin is its soothing and anti-inflammatory properties. Therefore, this oil is particularly recommended for people with acne, atopic dermatitis, or psoriasis. Thanks to the presence of bisabolol, chamomile essential oil reduces redness and skin irritation and has anti-inflammatory effects. Another benefit of using chamomile essential oil is its moisturizing and regenerating properties. This oil can help maintain proper skin hydration, which is especially important for individuals with dry and flaky skin. Additionally, due to the presence of fatty acids and vitamin E, chamomile essential oil accelerates skin regeneration and helps maintain its elasticity. Chamomile essential oil also has antibacterial and antifungal properties, making it helpful in combating skin infections such as fungal infections. Moreover, chamomile essential oil can be used to alleviate acne symptoms such as blackheads or skin bumps. Chamomile essential oil is a great choice for individuals who want to take care of their skin's health and beauty. With its soothing, moisturizing, regenerating, and antibacterial properties, chamomile essential oil can help maintain healthy and radiant skin.

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) pregnat  6. Is chamomile safe for pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers ?

Chamomile is a popular herb that has been used in natural medicine for centuries to alleviate various health conditions. However, the safety of chamomile use during pregnancy and breastfeeding requires some caution. Although research on the safety of chamomile use in pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers is limited, it is generally considered safe for pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers to consume chamomile tea in moderate amounts. However, it is always recommended to consult a doctor before starting any therapy involving chamomile, especially during pregnancy. Some sources suggest that excessive consumption of chamomile tea may increase the risk of miscarriage or premature birth. Additionally, there is a slight chance that substances present in chamomile may pass into breast milk and affect the baby. When it comes to using chamomile essential oil on the skin, caution should be exercised. Although chamomile essential oil is considered safe for most people, it may cause allergic reactions in some individuals, especially those who are allergic to plants in the Asteraceae family. Moderate consumption of chamomile tea and the use of chamomile essential oil on the skin seem to be safe for most people, including pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers. However, it is always recommended to consult a doctor before starting any therapy involving chamomile, especially during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) children uses  7. Can chamomile be used for children and infants ?

Chamomile is a relatively safe herb and can be used for children and infants, as long as it is done in moderation. Chamomile tea can be given to children from 6 months of age, but caution should be exercised when giving it to children with allergies to plants in the Asteraceae family. For infants, chamomile tea should be used in a very limited manner, only in cases of stomach pain or indigestion and always after consultation with a pediatrician. Chamomile essential oil is a more concentrated form of the herb and may be more harmful to children and infants. Therefore, it should not be applied directly to the skin of children without prior consultation with a doctor or pharmacist. In any case, before using chamomile for a child or infant, it is advisable to consult a pediatrician or pharmacist to ensure that the herb is appropriate and safe for the specific case.

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) side effect  8. What are the side effects of using chamomile ?

Although chamomile is generally considered a safe herbal dietary supplement, its use may lead to unwanted side effects in some individuals. The most common side effect of chamomile use is an allergic reaction. People with allergies to pollen from plants in the Asteraceae family (such as chamomile) may experience an allergic reaction to chamomile. Allergy symptoms may include itching, redness, and swelling of the skin, rash, difficulty breathing, throat and tongue swelling, and anaphylaxis. Other side effects of chamomile use include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, excessive drowsiness, and skin reactions. Excessive consumption of chamomile may also result in gastrointestinal reactions, such as abdominal pain and bloating. Some studies have shown that chamomile use may impact the body's hormonal balance. Chamomile contains chemical compounds that are similar to estrogens, which may affect the levels of sex hormones in the body. Therefore, pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers, and individuals with hormonal disorders should use chamomile with caution or avoid its use. It is important to always use chamomile according to the recommendations and not exceed the dosage. Before starting chamomile use, it is advisable to consult a doctor, especially for individuals with gastrointestinal disorders, liver and kidney diseases, as well as those taking medications.

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) how long use  9. How long can chamomile be used ?

Chamomile is a plant with many medicinal properties, but like any other product, it should be used in moderation. The duration of use depends on the therapeutic goal and individual body needs. When using chamomile in the form of tea, it is usually safe to drink it for an extended period, even several weeks or months, if no adverse side effects occur. However, when using chamomile in other forms, such as essential oil or ointment, it is important to follow the instructions on the packaging and consult a doctor, especially when it comes to longer-term use. When using chamomile as a dietary supplement or medication, it is important to adhere to the dosage and duration of use indicated on the packaging or as advised by a doctor or pharmacist.

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) interactions  10. Can chamomile interact with medications ?

Chamomile is generally considered safe and unlikely to interact with most medications, but like any herb, there are some exceptions. There are certain medications that may interact with chamomile, including anticoagulant medications, diabetes medications, hypertension medications, and pain medications. Chamomile can potentially affect the efficacy of anticoagulant medications such as warfarin, so individuals taking such medications should avoid chamomile or consult with a doctor before using it. Additionally, chamomile may lower blood sugar levels, which can impact the efficacy of diabetes medications. People with diabetes should consult their doctor before using chamomile. Individuals taking hypertension medications should also exercise caution, as chamomile may affect blood pressure. Lastly, chamomile may interact with certain pain medications such as aspirin and ibuprofen. Individuals taking these medications should avoid chamomile or consult with a doctor before using it. While chamomile is generally safe and unlikely to interact with most medications, it is always advisable to consult a doctor or pharmacist before using it, especially if taking any other medications.

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) storage  STORAGE

Chamomile is an herb that is worth having in your medicine cabinet due to its health benefits. However, it is important to store it properly to maintain its freshness and aroma for as long as possible. Chamomile should be stored in a dry and dark place, away from heat and moisture, which can lead to mold growth. It is best to keep it in an airtight container, such as a glass bottle with a lid or a sealed jar. After harvesting and drying chamomile, it should be placed in a paper bag or fabric pouch to prevent moisture absorption. Then, store it in a dry and dark place. In the case of purchasing pre-packaged chamomile, it is advisable to ensure that the packaging is airtight and prevents light and moisture exposure. Remember that fresh chamomile quickly loses its medicinal properties, so it is recommended to use it within a few months from the date of purchase. However, if stored under appropriate conditions, chamomile can retain its properties for a long time.

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) sources  SCIENTIFIC REFERENCES

  • Srivastava, J.K., Shankar, E., & Gupta, S. (2010). Chamomile: A herbal medicine of the past with a bright future. Molecular Medicine Reports, 3(6), 895-901.
  • McKay, D.L., & Blumberg, J.B. (2006). A review of the bioactivity and potential health benefits of chamomile tea (Matricaria chamomilla L.). Phytotherapy Research, 20(7), 519-530.
  • Amsterdam, J.D., Li, Y., Soeller, I., Rockwell, K., & Mao, J.J. (2009). A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of oral Matricaria recutita (chamomile) extract therapy for generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 29(4), 378-382.
  • Hashemzaei, M., Delarami Far, A., Yari, A., & Heravi, R.E. (2019). The health effects of chamomile: A systematic review of clinical studies. Journal of Medicinal Plants, 18(69), 1-14.
  • Kato, A., Minoshima, Y., Yamamoto, J., Adachi, I., Watson, A.A., Nash, R.J., & Koketsu, M. (2011). Protective effects of dietary chamomile tea on diabetic complications. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59(8), 3934-3942.
  • Sarris, J., & Byrne, G.J. (2011). A systematic review of insomnia and complementary medicine. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 15(2), 99-106.
  • Capasso, R., Savino, F., & Capasso, F. (2017). Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.): An overview. Pharmacognosy Reviews, 11(22), 82-89.
  • Javidnia, K., Dastgheib, L., Mohammadi, S., Taheri, S., & Zolfaghari, B. (2006). Antihyperglycemic effects of chamomile aqueous extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Iranian Biomedical Journal, 10(3), 141-146.
  • Hajhashemi, V., Ghannadi, A., & Jafarabadi, H. (2005). Black cumin seed essential oil, as a potent analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug. Phytotherapy Research, 19(10), 818-823.
  • Manzanares, J., Corchero, J., Romero, J., Fernandez-Ruiz, J.J., Ramos, J.A., & Fuentes, J.A. (1999). Pharmacological and biochemical interactions between opioids and cannabinoids. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences, 20(7), 287-294.
  • Jarić, S., Popović, Z., Mačukanović-Jocić, M., Djurdjević, L., Mijatović, M., Karadzić, B., ... & Pavlović, P. (2007). An ethnobotanical study on the usage of wild medicinal herbs from Kopaonik Mountain (Central Serbia). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 111(1), 160.

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